Services Portfolio for
Research Lifecycle Management

RELIANCE services will be validated by research scenarios and grand challanges involving three scientific communities: Sea Monitoring, Atmospheric Monitoring and Geo-Hazard.

Research scenarios and grand challanges

RELIANCE services will be validated by research scenarios and grand challanges involving three scientific communities: Sea Monitoring, Atmospheric Monitoring and Geo-Hazard. Each community will provide RELIANCE with domain specific use case. At the same time the consortium will work to maximise interaction and cross-fertilization across disciplines.

Reliance Grand Challenges

1

Grand Challenge

Sea pollution

To understand and quantify the impact of marine litter and to reduce its presence in the ocean. This multidisciplinary scenario investigates the role of physical and biological processes on transport, settling and accumulation of plastics in the marine environment, from the rivers to the sea.

2

Grand Challenge

Loss of Biodiversity and Sustainability

Global warming and ocean acidification are predicted to impinge on deep sea ecosystems with deleterious consequences on their biodiversity. This multidisciplinary scenario targets the consequences over Mediterranean cold water coral habitats developing under thermal conditions very close to 14°C.

3

Grand Challenge

Extreme weather events and climate adaptation

This use case is going to combine satellite data and in- situ observations with climate model outputs and global/regional re-analysis data to assess the extent of the Arctic browning effect, while also engaging with local populations and provide them with maps to better manage their pastures and migration.

4

Grand Challenge

Reducing the consequences of large volcanic eruptions

Reducing the consequences of large volcanic eruptions. Eruptions events demonstrate beyond any doubt the extreme fragility of our systems when faced with a major, disruptive event. We will focus in particular on tephra and ash dispersal and fallout from explosive volcanic eruptions, SO2 clouds dispersal, and their interactions with the atmospheric and marine environments.

Multidisciplinarity

Source: https://www.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Images/2020/04/NO2_concentrations_over_Europe.

The opportunity comes from the unique wealth of data retrieved during lockdown in 2020 were the anthropogenic impact on our environment was minimized. We will:

Use the lockdown consequences

as a baseline to analyse further human impact on our Land, Seas, and Atmosphere and therefore assess the health of our planet according to a holistic approach.

Extend the cooperation

about anthropogenic impact on our environment to include non earth science communities.

THE Challenge

To test the evolution

of the anthropic impact on the marine-coastal system following the lockdown in Mediterranean areas with high urban and/or industrial density

To quantify in a synoptic way

the good environmental status of the sea (Good Environmental Status) at the end of the lockdown phase, by directly applying open data approach followed by further elaborations

To integrate measures

from scientific networks’ observation sites, adding (i) ad hoc measures in coastal hotspots subject to maximum change, (ii) qualitative evidence from observations of citizens according to the Local Ecological Knowledge approach

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